The list of such items is only growing by the day, with industry estimates suggesting that there are 25-30% of the products on which the DGTR’s recommendation has been rejected during the last 18-20 months. DGTR is the agency housed in the commerce department, In contrast, during the earlier months, revenue department’s strike rate in acting on DGTR’s recommendations was as high as 90%. Between January 2018 and May 2019, there were 33 investigations by the agency and the number nearly doubled during the next 18 months.
The revenue department’s reluctance to act on a significant chunk of the recommendations is seen as a change of stance and coincides with NITI Aayog’s analysis that a large number of anti-dumping and safeguard actions were against inputs and raw materials, which pushed up costs for local producers, rendering them uncompetitive. Nearly 85% of the goods facing antidumping levies are inputs, NITI Aayog had assessed.
While globally too inputs face the highest number of action, a section in NITI Aayog and revenue department viewed these actions as protectionist, although they are trade defence measures provided by the World Trade Organization (WTO). Since it got the powers under the WTO regime, India is the world’s biggest user of the anti-dumping weapon.
Even now industry believes that the revenue department’s decision against imposing the recommended levies, meant to protect domestic industry against cheap imports, is resulting in imports of around Rs 20,000 crore annually and hurting them. A bulk of these shipments are coming from China and causing job losses, industry representatives said.
For instance, of the 68 cases investigated by DGTR between June 2019 and December 2020, over half involved imports from China, government sources confirmed. To impose anti-dumping duty, DGTR has to establish injury to the domestic industry due to exports of goods at a price lower than the domestic market. In most cases India’s actions have been aimed at Chinese goods.